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Content 2 Library of Published Articles

This library is a compilation of works written by Saint Louis County Department of Health authors published in external journals. These articles are provided free of cost.


Mycobacterium tuberculosis tests

Content 2 Using Quantiferon Gold (QFT-G)®
Cost-effectiveness of Using Quantiferon Gold (QFT-G)® versus Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) among U.S. and Foreign Born Populations at a Public Health Department Clinic with a Low Prevalence of Tuberculosis.

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Food Related Pathogens

Content 2 Outbreak of Cyclosporiasis Associated with Basil
During the summer of 1999, an outbreak of cyclosporiasis occurred among attendees of 2 events held on 24 July in different counties in Missouri. We conducted retrospective cohort studies of the 2 clusters of cases, which comprised 62 case patients.

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 Outbreak of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 Associated with Romaine Lettuce Consumption, 2011
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 is the causal agent for more than 96,000 cases of diarrheal illness and 3,200 hospitalizations annually in the United States [1].

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 Deer Sausage: A Newly Identified Vehicle of Transmission of Escherichia coli O157:H7
Five Missouri patients infected with Escherichia coli O157:H7 were studied for an epidemiologically plausible association. Case isolates, case interviews, and pathogen and meat XbaI pulsed field electrophoresis patterns were consistent with the common source being contaminated, fermented deer sausage, a previously unrecognized mode of transmission for Escherichia coli O157:H7. (J Pediatr 2009;155:587-9).

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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 Urine Screening for Gonococcal and Chlamydial Infections at Community-Based Organizations in a High-Morbidity Area
Increasing availability of urine testing for Nesseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) offers expanded opportunities to collaborate with community-based organizations (CBOs) to screen high-risk populations for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

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 Etiology of Genital Ulcers and Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Coinfection in 10 US Cities
To determine the etiology of genital ulcers and to assess the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in ulcer patients in 10 US cities, ulcer and serum specimens were collected from »50 ulcer patients at a sexually transmitted disease clinic in each city.

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Influenza

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 Importance of Routine Public Health Influenza Surveillance: Detection of an Unusual W-Shaped Influenza Morbidity Curve
Seasonal influenza causes excess morbidity and mortality at the extremes of age: It disproportionately affects the very young and the very old, typically resulting in ‘‘U’’-shaped age-distributed curves.

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 Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Compliance among Hospital-Based and Nonhospital-Based Healthcare Workers
Influenza vaccination among nonhospital healthcare workers (HCWs) is imperative, but only limited data are available for factors affecting their compliance.

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 H1N1 Influenza Vaccine Compliance among Hospital- and Non-Hospital-Based Healthcare Personnel
The 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccine had lower uptake compared to seasonal influenza vaccine, and most studies examining uptake of H1N1 vaccine focused on hospital-based healthcare personnel (HCP).

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 Seasonal and H1N1 influenza vaccine compliance and intent to be vaccinated among emergency medical services personnel
A questionnaire was administered to St. Louis EMTs during March to June 2011 to assess compliance with the 2010/2011 and 2009/2010 seasonal and pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccinations, factors that predicted uptake of 2010/2011 seasonal influenza vaccine, and intent to be vaccinated.

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 Confronting the Continuing Challenge of Influenza
It was cold in St. Louis on that December day. The first snowfall of the year had not appeared yet, so at least they were lucky in that respect. Collars upturned and hands thrust deep in pockets, they shivered as they smiled bravely for the camera. A company photograph was still a novelty, and having it taken outside in December was even more of a rarity.

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Bioterrorism Countermeasures

Content 2 Emergency MedKit Evaluation Study
As part of its ongoing exploration of supplementary bioterrorism countermeasures, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducted an evaluation study of a program designed to place Emergency MedKits in peoples’ homes.

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Tobacco Prevention Programs

Content 2 School-based Smoking Prevention with Media Literacy
School-based tobacco prevention programs have had limited success reducing smoking rates in the long term. Media literacy programs offer an innovative vehicle for delivery of potentially more efficacious anti-tobacco education. However, these programs have been neither widely implemented nor well evaluated. We conducted a pre-post evaluation of a cross-disciplinary tobacco media literacy program.

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